Midwest Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation

Midwest PARC Species

This list consists of 164 species of amphibians and reptiles native to the Midwest PARC region. Three subspecies are included due to state or federal status.

Federal listing includes:

Definitions for State Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern status vary among states. Websites for each state should be referenced for specific definitions and list revisions. Species of Greatest Conservation Need are identified by each state in their State Wildlife Action Plan.

Although not recognized as a unique species, unisexual Ambystomatids were included in the list due to their presence in the MW Region and their listed status in some states.

Scientific and common names follow Crother et al. 2008, except where noted. Several taxonomic changes are included in this list, many are based on recent findings through DNA analysis. Refer to Crother et al. 2008 for references to these changes. Examples include new genus names for toads (from Bufo to Anaxyrus) and true frogs (from Rana to Lithobates).

Download these lists in plain spreadsheet format.

State conservation status codes are determined by individual states. Regional concern, responsibility, and rank are determined by Midwest PARC for the entire Midwest PARC region. Read more about the regional concern, responsibility, and rank codes devised by Midwest PARC.

Table 1: State Conservation Status Codes.
CodeStatus Description
SSpecial Concern Status
NSpecies of Greatest Conservation Need
No special status
Table 2: Regional Concern Score Codes.
CodeConcern Score
Table 3: Regional Responsibility Score Codes.
CodeResponsibility Score
Table 4: Regional Species Rank Codes.
CodeRank Description
AConcern High; Responsibility High
BConcern High; Responsibility Low
CConcern Medium-High; Responsibility High
DConcern Medium-High; Responsibility Low
EConcern Medium-Low; Responsibility High
FConcern Medium-Low; Responsibility Low
GConcern Low; Responsibility High
HConcern Low; Responsibility Low
Table 5: Midwest PARC Species List. Click on column headings to sort. Reset list to default sorting order.
Group Species Common Name Info IL IN IA KS MI MN MO NE ND OH SD WI Concern Responsibility Rank
Salamanders Ambystoma annulatum Ringed Salamander SHHA
Salamanders Ambystoma barbouri Streamside Salamander SMHLD
Salamanders Ambystoma jeffersonianum Jefferson Salamander TMLHE
Salamanders Ambystoma laterale Blue-spotted Salamander NSENEMHHC
Salamanders Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander NNMLLF
Salamanders Ambystoma mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Elevated to species in Crother, 2008 LLH
Salamanders Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander TLLH
Salamanders Ambystoma platineum Silvery Salamander EMHHC
Salamanders Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander NSMHLD
Salamanders Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander NENMLLF
Salamanders Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander NSLHG
Salamanders Unisexual Ambystomatids Unisexual Ambystomatids Not included in Crother 2008; Silvery Salamander has listed status in IL ELHG
Salamanders Amphiuma tridactylum Three-toed Amphiuma SMHLD
Salamanders Aneides aeneus Green Salamander EEHLB
Salamanders Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis Eastern Hellbender Subspecies is listed in IL, IN, MO, OH EEEEHLB
Salamanders Cryptobranchus a. bishopi Ozark Hellbender Subspecies is listed in MO EHHA
Salamanders Desmognathus conanti Spotted Dusky Salamander EHLB
Salamanders Desmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander LLH
Salamanders Desmognathus ochrophaeus Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander LLH
Salamanders Eurycea bislineata Northern Two-lined Salamander LLH
Salamanders Eurycea cirrigera Southern Two-lined Salamander LLH
Salamanders Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander TLLH
Salamanders Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander EEMLLF
Salamanders Eurycea multiplicata Many-ribbed Salamander EHLB
Salamanders Eurycea spelaea Grotto Salamander Genus/species name change in Crother, 2008 ESHHA
Salamanders Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma Salamander LLH
Salamanders Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Spring Salamander HMG has subspecies (G. p.pophyriticus) LLH
Salamanders Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander TENSSSSHLB
Salamanders Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy NSTNNSSMHHC
Salamanders Notophthalmus viridescens Eastern Newt HMG has subspecies (N. v. louisianensis) TTLLH
Salamanders Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander LLH
Salamanders Plethodon angusticlavius Ozark Zigzag Salamander HMG has Zigzag in parentheseis LLH
Salamanders Plethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander NLLH
Salamanders Plethodon dorsalis Northern Zigzag Salamander LLH
Salamanders Plethodon electromorphus Northern Ravine Salamander LHG
Salamanders Plethodon glutinosus Northern Slimy Salamander LLH
Salamanders Plethodon serratus Southern Red-backed Salamander LLH
Salamanders Plethodon wehrlei Wehrle's Salamander LLH
Salamanders Pseudotriton montanus Mud Salamander Elevated to species in Crother, 2008 THLB
Salamanders Pseudotriton ruber Red Salamander Elevated to species in Crother, 2008 EMHLD
Salamanders Siren intermedia Lesser Siren NMLLF
Frogs, Toads Acris crepitans Northern Cricket Frog SNSENEMHLD
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus americanus American Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 NLLH
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 NSMLHE
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus debilis Green Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 THLB
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 NLLH
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus hemiophrys Canadian Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 NMLHE
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus punctatus Red-spotted Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 NHLB
Frogs, Toads Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad Genus name change in Crother 2008 LLH
Frogs, Toads Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad TTMHLD
Frogs, Toads Gastrophryne olivacea Western Narrow-mouthed Toad NMLLF
Frogs, Toads Hyla avivoca Bird-voiced Treefrog THLB
Frogs, Toads Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog NLLH
Frogs, Toads Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog LLH
Frogs, Toads Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog LLH
Frogs, Toads Lithobates areolatus Crawfish Frog Genus/species name change in Crother, 2008 NSSNSHLB
Frogs, Toads Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 SLHG
Frogs, Toads Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog Genus/species name change in Crother, 2008 SLLH
Frogs, Toads Lithobates clamitans Green Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 SLLH
Frogs, Toads Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 NNNSMLLF
Frogs, Toads Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 SNSMLLF
Frogs, Toads Lithobates septentrionalis Mink Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 SMLHE
Frogs, Toads Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog Genus/species name change in Crother, 2008 LLH
Frogs, Toads Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog Genus name change in Crother 2008 NSLLH
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris brachyphona Mountain Chorus Frog LLH
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris clarkii Spotted Chorus Frog LLH
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper TLLH
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris feriarum Upland Chorus Frog LLH
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris illinoensis Illinois Chorus Frog Elevated to species in Crother (Subspecies listed in IL and MO) TSHHA
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog SSLHG
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris streckeri Strecker's Chorus Frog THLB
Frogs, Toads Pseudacris triseriata Western Chorus Frog NLHG
Frogs, Toads Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot SEMHLD
Frogs, Toads Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot NLLH
Lizards Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner Genus name change NSNSMLLF
Lizards Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard SMHLD
Lizards Holbrookia maculata Common Lesser Earless Lizard NMLLH
Lizards Ophisaurus attenuatus Slender Glass Lizard NTEMLLF
Lizards Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard SMHLD
Lizards Phrynosoma hernandesi Greater Short-horned Lizard NNNHLB
Lizards Plestiodon anthracinus Coal Skink SMLLF
Lizards Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink SNLLH
Lizards Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink TLLH
Lizards Plestiodon multivirgatus Many-lined Skink NMHLD
Lizards Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink ESNHLB
Lizards Plestiodon septentrionalis Prairie Skink split into two subspecies in HMGs NSNSMHHC
Lizards Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard LLH
Lizards Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard NNMHLD
Lizards Sceloporus undulatus Eastern Fence Lizard LLH
Lizards Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink SLLH
Snakes Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead ENMLLF
Snakes Agkistrodon piscivorus Cottonmouth EMLLF
Snakes Arizona elegans Glossy Snake NNHLB
Snakes Carphophis amoenus Eastern Wormsnake LLH
Snakes Carphophis vermis Western Wormsnake TNSMHHC
Snakes Cemophora coccinea Scarletsnake Referred to at subspecies level in HMGs ESMHLD
Snakes Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's Snake TEESTHHA
Snakes Coluber constrictor North American Racer Common name change NSSMLLF
Snakes Coluber flagellum Coachwhip Genus name change ENMHLD
Snakes Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake TENNTNESHLB
Snakes Crotalus viridis Prairie Rattlesnake ELLH
Snakes Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake NSLLH
Snakes Farancia abacura Red-bellied Mudsnake Referred to at subspecies level in HMGs NESHLB
Snakes Heterodon gloydi Dusty Hog-nosed Snake elevated to species TSHLB
Snakes Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake elevated to species TENSSNHHA
Snakes Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake NNNTMLLF
Snakes Hypsiglena jani Chihuahuan Nightsnake Species and common name change NHLB
Snakes Lampropeltis calligaster Yellow-bellied Kingsnake NNMLLF
Snakes Lampropeltis getula Common Kingsnake Added in MWSpecies Matrix_Revision TNSMLLF
Snakes Lampropeltis triangulum Milksnake NLLH
Snakes Leptotyphlops dulcis Texas Threadsnake THLB
Snakes Nerodia cyclopion Mississippi Green Watersnake TEHLB
Snakes Nerodia e. neglecta Copper-bellied Watersnake subspecies level retained due to federal status NEEEEHHA
Snakes Nerodia erythrogaster Plain-bellied Watersnake NMLLF
Snakes Nerodia fasciata Southern Watersnake EMHLD
Snakes Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake TLLH
Snakes Nerodia sipedon Northern Watersnake LHG
Snakes Nerodia sipedon insularum Lake Erie Watersnake subspecies level retained due to federal status EHHA
Snakes Opheodrys aestivus Rough Greensnake SSMLLF
Snakes Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake NESNNSNNSHLB
Snakes Pantherophis emoryi Great Plains Ratsnake Genus name change EMLLF
Snakes Pantherophis gloydi Eastern Foxsnake Genus name change TSHHA
Snakes Pantherophis obsoletus Texas (Western) Ratsnake elevated from subspecies SLLH
Snakes Pantherophis spiloides Gray Ratsnake Genus name change SSMLLF
Snakes Pantherophis vulpinus Western Foxsnake Genus/species name change NNEMLHE
Snakes Pituophis catenifer Gophersnake (Bullsnake) removed (sayi) SSSMLLF
Snakes Regina grahamii Graham's Crayfish Snake NLLH
Snakes Regina septemvittata Queen Snake NSEMHLD
Snakes Rhinocheilus lecontei Long-nosed Snake THLB
Snakes Sistrurus catenatus Massasauga EEESEETEEHHA
Snakes Sistrurus miliarius Pygmy Rattlesnake LLH
Snakes Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Common name change LLH
Snakes Storeria dekayi Dekay's Brownsnake Common name change NLLH
Snakes Storeria occipitomaculata Red-bellied Snake TNNNMLLF
Snakes Tantilla coronata Southeastern Crowned Snake EHLB
Snakes Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake TMLLF
Snakes Tantilla nigriceps Plains Black-headed Snake NMHLD
Snakes Thamnophis brachystoma Short-headed Gartersnake SHLB
Snakes Thamnophis butleri Butler's Gartersnake ETMHHC
Snakes Thamnophis elegans Terrestrial Gartersnake LLH
Snakes Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake SHLB
Snakes Thamnophis proximus Western Ribbonsnake SNEMLLF
Snakes Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake ESLHG
Snakes Thamnophis sauritus Eastern Ribbonsnake EEMLLF
Snakes Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake T.s. annectens was in HMG (Kansas only, no special status) SLLH
Snakes Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined Snake TSEMLLF
Snakes Virginia striatula Rough Earthsnake NMHLD
Snakes Virginia valeriae Smooth Earthsnake NTMLLF
Turtles Apalone mutica Smooth Softshell NSNNSMLLF
Turtles Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell LHG
Turtles Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle SNLLH
Turtles Chrysemys dorsalis Southern Painted Turtle On Missouri's spp list LLH
Turtles Chrysemys picta Painted Turtle LHG
Turtles Clemmys guttata Spotted Turtle EETTHLB
Turtles Deirochelys reticularia Chicken Turtle EHLB
Turtles Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle TETSTENTETHHA
Turtles Glyptemys insculpta Wood Turtle removed Clemmys ESTTHLB
Turtles Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle TLHG
Turtles Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle LLH
Turtles Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle removed Mississippi NNSTSMLHE
Turtles Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle removed EEENHLB
Turtles Kinosternon subrubrum Eastern Mud Turtle removed NEMHLD
Turtles Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle EENSHLB
Turtles Pseudemys concinna River Cooter EEMLLF
Turtles Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle Common name change TLLH
Turtles Terrapene carolina Eastern Box Turtle SSMLLF
Turtles Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle NETNEMHLD
Turtles Trachemys scripta Pond Slider Common name change LLH

Species list initially adopted in December 2008. Last revised 4 July 2012.


  • 4 Jul 2012: Removed Lake Erie Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon insularum) from the Federal list.
  • 4 Dec 2011: Added Slider (Trachemys scripta) and Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) to Minnesota.
  • 3 Nov 2011: Added Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis) to North Dakota.
  • 2 Feb 2011: Changed status of Blanding's Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii) from "Special Concern" to "Threatened".
  • 8 Feb 2010: Added MWPARC regional concern, responsibility, and species ranks.